You think Communism couldn’t have spread there? RJ Rummel estimated that American forces committed around 5,500 intentional democidal mass-killings between 1960 and 1972, from a range of between 4,000 and 10,000 killed in democide. [22] Operating under the direction of the CIA and other US and South Vietnamese Intel organizations and carried out by RVN units alongside US advisers was the Phoenix Program, intended to neutralise the VC political infrastructure, whom were the civilian administration of the Viet Cong/Provisional Revolutionary Government via infiltration, capture, counter-terrorism, interrogation, and assassination. The human costs of the long conflict were harsh for all involved. His estimate of total deaths is reflected in the table. War for political beliefs are just sad and who gives a shit about communism or any other ism . However, you can rebuild constructions but people can not resurrect. The study came up with a most likely Vietnamese death toll of 882,000, which included 655,000 adult males (above 15 years of age), 143,000 adult females, and 84,000 children. 250,000 were killed as a result of combat in South Vietnam and 65,000 were killed in North Vietnam. Not until 1995 did Vietnam release its official estimate of war dead: As many as 2 million civilians on both sides and some 1.1 million North Vietnamese and Viet Cong fighters. Competitions were held between units for the highest number of Vietnamese killed. [53] Widespread reports of deliberate mass-killings were reported to have occurred, alleging that these were systemic, deliberate policies to massacre civilians with murders running into the hundreds. You’re right about that. Nick Turse, in his 2013 book, Kill Anything that Moves, argues that a relentless drive toward higher body counts, a widespread use of free-fire zones, rules of engagement where civilians who ran from soldiers or helicopters could be viewed as VC, and a widespread disdain for Vietnamese civilians led to massive civilian casualties and endemic war crimes inflicted by U.S. Not until 1995 did Vietnam release its official estimate of war dead: as many as 2 million civilians on both sides and some 1.1 million North Vietnamese and Viet Cong fighters. The following is a chart of all casualties, listed by race, and in descending order. The U.S. military has estimated that between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died in the war. [35] The pressure to produce body counts as a measure of operational success often caused US "operations reports" to list civilians killed as enemy KIA[36] with one prominent example being the My Lai Massacre written off as an operational success. [20], Thomas Thayer in 1985 estimated that during the 1965–72 period the VC killed 33,052 South Vietnamese village officials and civil servants.[21]. [19] During the peak war years, another scholar Guenter Lewy attributed almost a third of civilian deaths to the VC. The Vietnam War started long before Nixon was elected President. No estimate given for deaths caused by Viet Cong/North Vietnam (1954–75). In October 1966, Defense Secretary Robert McNamara initiated Project 100,000 which further lowered military standards for 100,000 additional draftees per year. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [40][38][41], German historian Bernd Greiner mentions the following war crimes reported, and/or investigated by the Peers Commission and the Vietnam War Crimes Working Group, among other sources:[42]. The human costs of the long conflict were harsh for all involved. And even if he was a communist, Ho Chi Minh would’ve treated his people better than Diem or any of our other puppet leaders. [17] Rummel's mid-level estimate includes 17,000 South Vietnamese civil servants killed by PAVN/VC. Estimates of the total number of deaths in the Vietnam War vary widely. A mass exodus in 1975 of people loyal to the South Vietnamese cause was followed by another wave in 1978 of “boat people,” refugees fleeing the economic restructuring imposed by the communist regime. Watch the Netflix documentary on the Vietnam War….The war casualties in Vietnamese lives was stated as 3-5 million the us military complex fueled economic growth at home LBJ Nixon and Eisenhower were Cold War war hawks the US is responsible for the overthrow of dozens of governments that put the people first just view Oliver Stones Hidden American History on Netflix 4% of world pop 50% of the worlds wealth 50% of worlds wealth its all about maintaining US way of living. This article will help you with many ways to…, As a citizen of Malawi, you are kindly advised to have Vietnam Visa to enter Vietnam. Always need a boogie man and then the soldiers and civilians behind the lines or on them pay the price . Deaths caused by North Vietnam/Viet Cong forces, Deaths caused by the South Korean military. Chapter 14: "The “cease-fire war” claimed 26,500 ARVN dead in 1973, and almost 30,000 in 1974. Deaths caused by the South Korean military, North Vietnamese and Viet Cong military deaths, Disproportion of African American casualties. At least the Vietnamese embassy has the decency to indicated that, unlike the “American” Leftist fellow travellers of Communism, who are like Mao in their war on reality and human nature. [47] The Second Marine Brigade conducted the Phong Nhị and Phong Nhất massacre on 12 February 1968. Those totals include only Vietnamese deaths, and do not include American and other allied military deaths which amounted to about 64,000. They also assert that the U.S. overall suffered fewer casualties than its opponents. "Statistics of Vietnamese Democide", Lines 777–785, sfn error: no target: CITEREFRummel1997 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFTurse2013 (, Marilyn Young. Everything will come to the end, and so did the war, but it left heavy consequences to survivals, families and next generation. Laos and Cambodia fell, but Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines all stood firm. The U.S. military has estimated that between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died in the war. – Visa Vietnam au Gabon. Vietnam Embassy in Pyongyang, North Korea. The question of who won the Vietnam War has been a subject of debate, and the answer depends on the definition of victory. troops. Shelby Stanton, writing in The Rise and Fall of an American Army, declined to include casualty statistics because of their 'general unreliability.' Accurate assessments of NV Army and Viet Cong losses, he wrote, were 'largely impossible due to lack of disclosure by the Vietnamese government, terrain, destruction of remains by firepower, and [inability] to confirm artillery and aerial kills.' Although North Vietnamese and Viet Cong casualty counts vary wildly, it is generally understood that they suffered several times the number of American casualties. How to get Vietnam visa from Zambia the easiest way? Communism was being taught in small villages then, and because the French treated the Vietnamese as their slaves, the Vietnamese people disliked all foreigners. 58,200 is the official number of Americans who died for a country that wasn’t worth dying for. (The estimates for 1955–64 are much higher than other estimates). Harper Perennial; September 1991. oh by the way you know Saigon is Ho Chi Minh City that according to the airlines that would freak people out there want to go there here it was a democratic City when we went through I lost my squad there January 9th 1970 and now it’s a communist City with Yuppie stores yeah it was worth it not, Vietnam wasn’t worth it 60,000 guys for nothing including my squad. In figures released in 1995, Vietnam claimed 2 million civilians died on both sides, while 1.1 million North Vietnamese soldiers and between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers lost their lives in the war. By 1969 more than 500,000 U.S. military personnel were stationed in Vietnam. It was difficult to distinguish between civilians and military personnel in many instances as many individuals were part-time guerrillas or impressed laborer… The goal of the war was to secure the election of Richard Nixon. The United States has spent over $65 million since 1998 in an attempt to make Vietnam safe. U.S. Military photo. Commander George L. Jackson said, "In response to this criticism, the Department of Defense took steps to readjust force levels in order to achieve an equitable proportion and employment of Negroes in Vietnam." [34] Official operations reports rarely made a distinction between civilians killed and actual combatants, drastically inflating the numbers of "enemies killed" as it was directly tied to promotions and commendation. This article will help you with many ways to…, As a citizen of Seychelles, you are kindly advised to have Vietnam Visa to enter Vietnam. The war did not stop the spread of communism, and it was not intended to. My Lai (4) and My Khe (4) (collectively the My Lai Massacre) claimed the largest number of victims with 420 and 90 respectively, and in five other places altogether about 100 civilians were executed. What are the main factor that caused the Vietnam War? How many ways to get Vietnam visa from Malawi? Lewy estimates that 40,000 South Vietnamese civilians were assassinated by the PAVN/VC; 250,000 were killed as a result of combat in South Vietnam, and 65,000 were killed in North Vietnam. [61], RJ Rummel estimates 1,011,000 PAVN/VC combatant deaths. Lieutenant William L. Calley, Jr., was the only soldier ever sentenced in connection with the My Lai Massacre. Communism was already in place in Laos and Cambodia, and those countries fell to the communists in 1975 about the same time we left. What was the total body count of the Vietnamese? How can foreigners apply for Vietnam visa in Nauru? The U.S. Civil War ranks first when counting both sides of the conflict; approximately 650,000 Americans died in total. Only a few who volunteered for relief efforts. The U.S. Constitution grants Congress sole authority to issue declarations of war. A mass exodus in 1975 of people loyal to the South Vietnamese cause was followed by another wave in 1978 of “boat people,” refugees fleeing the economic restructuring imposed by the communist regime. De-escalation, negotiation, and Vietnamization, The United States negotiates a withdrawal, https://www.britannica.com/event/Vietnam-War, Vietnam War - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Vietnam War - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), A parallel increase in support to the North from both China and the Soviet Union, An insurgency of communist Vietnamese (known as the Viet Cong) against the South Vietnam Army beginning in the late 1950s that grew into an ongoing guerilla campaign, Attacks on two U.S. destroyers by North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin on August 5, 1964, which greatly escalated U.S. military involvement in the region and led to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving the U.S. president new authority to wage war, Increasing financial and military aid from the U.S. to South Vietnam in an attempt to limit the spread of communism in the area, The defeat of France in the French Indochina War in 1954, which produced a communist government in the victorious North Vietnam (above the 17th parallel) and a democratic government in the French-influenced South Vietnam, Economic downturn and political isolation for Vietnam, which was only supported by the Soviet Union and its allies in Eastern Europe, In contrast to the fears of the U.S. government before the war, the creation of a unified, communist Vietnam did not start a "domino effect" of spreading communism throughout the countries of the region, The collapse of the South Vietnamese government in the spring of 1975, resulting in a unified communist government in the country, The deaths of as many as 2 million Vietnamese civilians, 1.1 million North Vietnamese soldiers, 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers, and 58,000 U.S. servicemen, The emigration of some 2 million refugees from Vietnam from the late 1970s to the early '90s.

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